What is Child Support?
In government policy and family law, child support refers to the ongoing practice for a periodic payment distributed directly or indirectly by an obligor (party who is responsible for support his or her familt) to an oblige (individual who maintains custody of the child) for the financial care and support of children or a marriage or relationship that ceases to exist. In most child support cases, the obligor is a non-custodial parent, while the obligee is a custodial parent, a government body or a legal guardian to the child.
All child support obligations are administered and subsequently enforced from the state family court system. The amount of each child support payment is calculated by the local court system based on a variety of economic, professional and social factors, including how the individuals cared for the child and each other while together.
Arguably the most crucial aspect to understand in regards to child support laws is that each stat– and even jurisdictions within the same state–possess different laws and regulations concerning the distribution and determination of payment.
Although the laws concerning child support are somewhat universal in regards to the general framework of the subject, each state will utilize its respective family law division to initiate a claim. That being said, each family law court system is organized on a county level; for example, New York State Child Support will utilize a number of family law divisions to initiate claims. These divisions will institute their own specifications and regulations regarding the determination and distribution of child support. Furthermore, New York State Child Support is held separately from New York City’s child support program.
How is New York State Child Support Payments Determined?
Although child support laws are different between each state, in general, there are three primary criteria in determining a child support payment. The first, and arguably most influential factor, is income; the amount of income earned by both parents, will be factored into the determination of child support.
The second factor is custodial responsibility; child support will be offered to the parent who most adequately maintains their role as a responsible caretaker. And lastly, the number of children will be evaluated when determining the rate of a child support payment; the higher the number of children involved in a child support settlement, the higher the prospective child support payments will be. This relationship exists, because more children is proportional to more responsibility, including both parental and financial.
New York State Child Support:
In the United States, all state governments maintain their own unique child support laws. For instance, New York State child support laws are unique from New York Child support laws. Understanding your state’s applicable child support laws will expedite your filing and will enable you to better organize your particular case. According to New York State child support, every child needs financial and emotional support from both parents; the New York State child support program benefits all children by enforcing parental responsibility for their support.
New York Child support laws are enforced and maintained by the state’s Child Support Enforcement Division; each county within the state has several child support offices who work with parents to establish and enforce child support orders. The New York State child Support Enforcement division, through these offices, will help children receive the financial basic support, medical support and child care support they deserve and are entitled to. Additionally, the program will help parents establish a financial partnership and work toward becoming self-sufficient units.