Home Adoption Process

Adoption Process

Easy Guide to the Adoption Process

Easy Guide to the Adoption Process

Initial Information
Adopting a child is a lot more involved than shopping for groceries or picking the child out of a line up and taking him or her home. On the contrary, child adoption may often be a painstaking, time-consuming process that will prove even more difficult in cases where both prospective parents work outside the home.
Before the process formally begins, much research must be conducted on the part of the willing couple so that they may approach adoption with a coordinated plan of attack. Early on in preparations, future adopters will want to know where they stand with regard to State statutes and which central authority has jurisdiction over their claim.
Upon receipt of this knowledge, the adopting party should contact the governing body to find out more information and also review any published information by this entity.
In fact, reading will be a critical part of the pre-adoption phase. Adoptive parents will want to go over pamphlets and other literature from licensed adoption agencies. 


Home Study 
A home study is a formal assessment of a prospective adoptive family and their domicile concerning their collective capacity to provide a nurturing environment for an adoptee. It is conducted by an appointed, licensed social worker or caseworker at the behest of a public foster care service or a private provider of placement services.
Those overseeing a particular case will be looking for a number of things on their checklist that could potentially make a family ineligible to adopt. Structural problems with the house and intended child’s room, susceptibility to disease, neglect or abuse, absence of an emergency plan, overall disarray, perceived applicant apathy, and lack of a solid justification for adoption may all potentially limit a client. However, with preparation, organization and honesty, most applicants will be in good shape.
Home studies will be mandatory for both domestic and international adoptions. 

Placement
Though a substantial number of children are placed in foster care because they were abandoned by their parents or made orphans, some birth mothers choose to put their children up for adoption. 

Finalization
Finalization of a child’s adoption requires more than just a verbal acknowledgment on the part of the willing birth mother. To ensure the legally binding transfer of custodial rights from birth parents to custodial parents, finalization of adoption must transpire in front of a presiding judge with authority to confer said rights.
Surely, prior to a finalization hearing, the participating agency that orchestrated the adoption process (and by proxy, their clients) had to administer their services according to the letter of the law. 

Read This Prior to The Finalization Hearing

Read This Prior to The Finalization Hearing

Prior to a finalization hearing, child adoption law dictates that certain elements be in order. First of all, a pre-placement home study should previously have been completed by a licensed social worker, and in the event of an international adoption, all petitions and applications for the child’s immigration should have been filed, acknowledged, accepted and returned by Citizenship and Immigration Services.
For the express purpose of finalization, though, legal forms must be correctly completed. Parents may choose to act independently with this step, but are generally encouraged to enlist the help of an attorney proficient in child adoption law.
It should be noted that, as a part of the adoption finalization process, a preliminary hearing will usually be held with the judge prior to the finalization hearing. The parties will be apprised of the court date after the legal forms are processed. As one’s attorney may have helped with completion of said forms, so too should he or she help prepare his or her client(s) for this session in which the judge will address and question the participating parties.
Come time for the final throes of the finalization process, one last hearing will be held, at which attorneys as well as friends and family may be present. All relevant documents and comments from the social worker appointed to a particular case will be reviewed, and if all goes well, an adoption certificate will be issued. Following the finalization hearing, previous birth certificates should be sealed and new birth certificates reflecting the change to the child’s legal guardianship should be drafted.
In the arena of child adoption, it is quite rare that any challenges to finalization should arise. Nonetheless, though it may be hard to prove, a birth parent might allege he or she was forced to give up his/her child under duress, or an adoptive family might bring up charges of wrongful adoption if critical medical information was witheld from them by a coordinating agency.

Must Know Initial Information

Must Know Initial Information

It may take a couple a while before they commit to a decision on whether or not they want to adopt a child. With any research, the more (accurate) information at one’s disposal, the better. In the early stages of trying to adopt a child, more than half the battle will be accruing resources. It is also worthwhile to read about what to do when you adopt a child.
Throughout all of this, a solid support network is a must-have. Friends and family will be an invaluable outlet for a couple’s concerns and parents may even wish to join an established support group.
The adoption process can get under way once a parent or parents enlist the services of a particular adoption agency. Nevertheless, this choice is also critical for those who are looking to adopt a child. Before moving forward, prospective parents should make a list of several placement agencies. 

Read This About The Placement of A Child

Read This About The Placement of A Child

In many cases, a child will not be willfully abandoned by
his or her birth mother. If, by some unfortunate circumstances, a man deserts
his wife and son or daughter and the child’s mother dies (or, perhaps worse,
the other way around), the young boy/girl could be left without a family and
home overnight. In other instances, meanwhile, a biological mother
may make the choice to put her child up for adoption.

 

One thing to consider with placement through an agency is
the extent to which adoption info
rmation may be offered. This is to say that a birth mother
should think about whether she would like to pursue a closed adoption or an
open adoption. Traditionally, closed adoptions have been the norm regarding domestic adoptions
.

         

Adoption help via placement
services is generally conceived of as something that is decided during
pregnancy/before birth. However, a birth parent may very well opt to employ a
“wait-and-see” method of sorts and surrender her child after birth.
Adoption info
rmation in public records indicates
as much; while some couples will be insistent on adopting an infant, others
will be happy to take in a young person of any age.

 

If a mother is dead set on
giving her child up for adoption, help should be administered right away to
expedite the placement process. The choice is rarely so clean-cut, though.
Adoption info
rmation should, in addition, be
offered by concerning forgoing placement and raising the child. After all, a
birth mother may come to regret putting her child up for adoption
.


The above assumes that birth fathers would neither be involved in
decision-making nor would they be a part of a child’s life. Nevertheless, even
in cases of pregnancy out of wedlock, birth fathers may have an objection to
placement of a child they helped create. If a birth mother maintains a close
relationship with her child’s father, she may want to consult him before making
any lasting unilateral decisions.